Mahanirban Calcutta Research group

 

Index for COVID Resources: The Living Archive

The living archives of Calcutta Research Group is a digital repository of various aspects of migration, forced migration and refugee issues, labour migration, environmental disaster, ethnic conflict, politics, ethics, care and the regime of protection. The special focus of this archive is on the recent challenges faced by the migrants and refugees due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The archive is a collection of news articles from newspapers, web magazines, blogs, etc., on the issues faced by the migrant labourers during the pandemic. It also has a collection of You Tube videos on lectures on COVID-19 and other related issues. The archive will continue to grow with subsequent additions.

The links to the entries in the archive are classified alphabet-wise to make it useful for the students, researchers, activists, and journalists working on the same issues. This digital repository will help them understand the manifold nature of the crisis faced by the migrants and refugees in the time of COVID-19.

Index for COVID Resources

Alma Ata Declaration: International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma-Ata, USSR, 6-12 September 1978.
- See https://www.who.int/publications/almaata_declaration_en.pdf?ua=1
Topics of interest: Point five of the declaration, Page 1 "Governments have a responsibility for the health of their people which can be fulfilled only by the provision of adequate health and social measures. A main social target of governments, international organizations and the whole world community in the coming decades should be the attainment by all peoples of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life," wherein, as per point seven, "addresses the main health problems in the community."
 
Anarchist Government:
- See "The Coming Post Covid Anarchy" by Kevin Rudd, where he there will be changes in the relative military and economic strength of the great powers, how those changes are perceived and what strategies the great powers deploy." https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020-05-06/coming-post-covid-anarchy .
- See also Livemint Opinion, "The Covid pandemic will revive the idea of an all-powerful state": https://www.livemint.com/opinion/online-views/opinion-the-covid-pandemic-will-revive-the-idea-of-an-all-powerful-state-11584892544672.html
- See also, in Times of India, "India and the Unfolding Covid Anarchy": https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/subcontinental-observer/india-and-the-unfolding-covid-anarchy/

- See also, in Hindustan Times, "There is a 'new abnormal' in the world": https://www.hindustantimes.com/columns/covid-19-there-is-a-new-abnormal-in-the-world/story-lMOw0ZFE8Y81nZFjOkbf6M.html
- See also, in East Asia Forum, "International Anarchy and the Failure to cope with Covid 19": https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2020/05/06/international-anarchy-and-failure-to-cope-with-covid-19/

On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 22
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 23
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 27
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 30
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 31
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 33
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 41

Behavioural Changes:
- See, in International Committee of the Red Cross, "Talking to Community: Behavioural Change in the age of Covid-19": https://www.icrc.org/en/document/behavioural-change-age-covid-19
- See also, in The Times of India, "How Behavioural changes due to Covid-19 are transforming Indian Villages": https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/how-behavioural-changes-due-to-covid-19-are-transforming-indian-villages/articleshow/74926264.cms

- See also, in The Hindu, "The Pandemic and the Challenge of Behaviour Change": https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-pandemic-and-the-challenge-of-behaviour-change/article31596370.ece

 Bourgeoisie:
- See, in Left Voice, "Pandemic and Class Relations, the Bourgeoisie warns of Uprisings and Revolutions": https://www.leftvoice.org/precariousness-pandemic-and-class-relations-the-bourgeoisie-warns-of-uprisings-and-revolutions
"
- See also, in Hampton, "Capitalism, Covid 19, and Crisis: A Class Analysis": https://www.hamptonthink.org/read/capitalism-covid-19-and-crisis-a-class-analysis
- See also, in The Indian Express, "Reading Marx in the times of Covid 19": https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/karl-marx-covid-19-capitalism-6393538/

Borders:
- See, in Bloomberg Quint, "Rethinking the Nation: Is COVID-19 Redrawing Borders": https://www.bloombergquint.com/opinion/rethinking-the-nation-is-covid-19-redrawing-borders
- See, in MPG, "Borders in the Time of COVID-19": https://www.mpg.de/14650555/borders-in-the-time-of-covid-19
- See, in The Economic Times, "A New World Order for the Coronavirus Era is Emerging": https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/world-news/a-new-world-order-for-the-coronavirus-era-is-emerging/articleshow/76887802.cms

- See, in The Business Line, "How China's Redrawing the Asian Map": https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/how-chinas-redrawing-the-asian-map/article32185051.ece
- See, in News 18, "How Coronavirus is Altering India's Co-operative Federalism, One Border at a Time": https://www.news18.com/news/india/how-coronavirus-is-altering-indias-co-operative-federalism-one-border-at-a-time-2645421.html -

Camus's Plague:
- See in New Statesman, "How Albert Camus's The Plague became the defining book of the Coronavirus Crisis": https://www.newstatesman.com/the-plague-albert-camus-coro navirus-resurgence
- See, in The New York Times, "Camus on the Coronavirus": https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/19/opinion/sunday/coronavirus-camus-plague.html
- See, in Canadian Dimension, "Facing our plague: Covid-19 and Albert Camus": https://canadiandimension.com/articles/view/facing-our-plague-covid-19-and-albert-camus
- See, in Scroll.in, "What Albert Camus's 'The Plague' can teach us about the Coronavirus Pandemic and our response": https://scroll.in/article/957418/what-albert-camuss-the-plague-can-teach-us-about-the-coronavirus-pandemic-and-our-response

Citizenship:
- See, in The Hindu, "India's internal migrants are citizens too - the government must protect them": https://theconversation.com/indias-internal-migrants-are-citizens-too-the-government-must-protect-them-140295

- See, in The Conversation, "India's Treatment of Muslims and Migrants puts lives at risk during COVID-19": https://theconversation.com/indias-treatment-of-muslims-and-migrants-puts-lives-at-risk-during-covid-19-136940
- See, in News Click, "The Migrant as Citizen": https://www.newsclick.in/Migrant-Citizen-Workers-Covid-19
- See, in The Wire, "When the People are not ' We the People'": https://thewire.in/politics/migrant-workers-we-the-people-covid-19-lockdown
- See, in The Hindu, "Migrant People are the most disenfranchised invisible citizens":
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/migrant-labourers-are-the-most-disenfranchised-invisible-citizens/article31717502.ece
- See, in B.B.C. News, "Coronavirus: India's Pandemic Lockdown turns into a human crisis": https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-52086274
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 1
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 2
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 12
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 14
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 26
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 29
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 37
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 60
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 66
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 69

Class Struggle:
- See, in The Left Berlin, "Migrant Labourers, COVID-19 and the Working Class Struggle in the time of Pandemic": https://www.theleftberlin.com/post/migrant-labourers-covid-19-and-working-class-struggle-in-the-time-of-pandemic

- See, in News Click, "COVID-19: War against Working Classes finds ally in Middle Class": https://www.newsclick.in/Covid-19-War-Against-Working-Class-Finds-Ally-Middle-Class
- See, in Outlook, "In Post COVID World, the Labour Class will emerge as a Conscious United Front": https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/opinion-covid-19-crisis-shows-capitalism-has-failed-workers-and-the-need-to-revive-labour-politics/353039
- See, in a publication by the London School of Economics and Political Science, "Chronic Crisis: Migrant Workers and India's COVID-19 Lockdown": https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/southasia/2020/04/08/chronic-crisis-migrant-workers-and-indias-covid-19-lockdown/
- See, in Deccan Chronicle, "As India Battles COVID, Class Divide in Growing": https://www.deccanchronicle.com/opinion/columnists/070520/sanjay-kumar-as-india-battles-covid-class-divide-is-growing.html
- See, in The Wire, "Hunger, Humanitarian Crisis, and Infinite Injustices": https://thewire.in/rights/covid-19-lockdown-migrants-supreme-court
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 38
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 40
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 49- in the context of World Politics.
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 52
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 53
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 56
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 62
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 66
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 73

Displacement:
- See, in Migration Policy Practice by UNICEF, "Migrant and Displaced Children in the Age of COVID-19": https://www.unicef.org/media/68761/file

- See, in E-International Relations, "Writing about Displaced People in the Time of Coronavirus": https://www.e-ir.info/2020/05/14/writing-about-displaced-people-in-the-time-of-coronavirus/
 - See, in Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre's Report "Coronavirus Crisis: Internal Displacement": https://www.internal-displacement.org/crises/coronavirus
- See, in Indian Express, "Explained: How many Migrant Workers are Displaced": https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/coronavirus-how-many-migrant-workers-displaced-a-range-of-estimates-6447840/
- See, in The Economic Times, "Lockdown in India has impacted 40 million Internal Migrants: World Bank": https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/lockdown-in-india-has-impacted-40-million-internal-migrants-world-bank/articleshow/75311966.cms?from=mdr
- See, in The Quint, "Migrant Worker Dies after walking 200 km to Agra from Delhi":
https://www.thequint.com/news/india/covid-19-migrant-labourer-walks-200-kilometres-dies-delhi-to-agra?fbclid=IwAR0gMKZAYNmsiK5-xonysYTx45VEn2HCbZ50YbfDFDk4e1FSnyHkM1HE65o
- See, in The Telegraph Online, "Coronavirus: With 17 migrant workers dead, lockdown and not COVID-19 claims 20 lives": https://www.telegraphindia.com/india/coronavirus-with-17-migrant-workers-dead-lockdown-and-not-covid-19-claims-20-lives/cid/1760595
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 6
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 15
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 19
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 21
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 24
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 36
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 47, in the context of International Politics.
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 52
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 57
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 59
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 63
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 64
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 67
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 69

Democracy :
- See, in NorthEast Now, "Democracy in the time of COVID-19": https://nenow.in/opinion/democracy-in-the-time-of-covid-19.html
- See, in The FirsPost, "Constructive opposition and inquiry are never more vital in a democracy like India than during times of crisis such as COVID-19": https://www.firstpost.com/india/constructive-opposition-and-inquiry-are-never-more-vital-in-a-democracy-like-india-than-during-times-of-crisis-such-as-covid-19-8464481.html
- See, in The Tribune, "COVID-19 and the End of Democracy: The Indian Perspective": https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/schools/covid-19-the-end-of-democracy-the-indian-perspective-112353
- See, in The Wire, "The COVID-19 Crisis tells us that Democracy needs Expertise as much as it does Elections": https://thewire.in/politics/india-democracy-expertise-epistocracy-covid-19
- See, in The Economic Times, "Challenges of Democracy in India": https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/topic/Challenges-of-Democracy-in-India
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 41
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 42
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 50
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 74

Farmer Deaths:
- See, in Matters India, "COVID-19 and the Mounting Woes of Indian Farmers": https://mattersindia.com/2020/06/covid-19-and-mounting-woes-of-indian-farmers/

- See, in Swarajya, "Maharashtra Farmers Commit Suicide In Marathwada Region During Covid-19 Lockdown; Growers Resort To Distress Sale Of Produce": https://swarajyamag.com/news-brief/109-maharashtra-farmers-commit-suicide-in-marathwada-region-during-covid-19-lockdown-growers-resort-to-distress-sale-of-produce
- See, in News 18, "COVID-19: Farmer Commits Suicide in UP After no Labourers to Harvest Crop": https://www.news18.com/news/india/covid-19-farmer-commits-suicide-in-up-after-no-labourers-to-harvest-crop-2574619.html

Great Leveller:
- See, in The New Indian Express, "Now COVID is the Great Leveller": https://www.newindianexpress.com/opinions/columns/t-j-s-george/2020/aug/09/now-covid-is-the-great-leveller-2180941.html
- See, in Opinion, "Is Coronavirus the Great Leveller for India": https://gulfnews.com/opinion/op-eds/is-coronavirus-the-great-leveller-for-india-1.71995471
- See, in Fortune India, "Coronavirus: The Great Leveller": https://www.fortuneindia.com/opinion/coronavirus-the-great-leveller/104286
- For counter opinions, see The Guardian, "Coronavirus is not some Great Leveller: It is exacerbating inequality right now": https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/apr/09/coronavirus-inequality-managers-zoom-cleaners-offices

Human Rights:
- See, available on the webpage of The Calcutta Research Group, "Human mobility and human rights in the COVID-19 pandemic: Principles of protection for migrants, refugees, and other displaced persons": http://www.mcrg.ac.in/CRG_COVID-19/Human%20mobility%20and%20human%20rights%20in%20the%20COVID_final.pdf

- See, also available on the Webpage of The Calcutta Research Group, "Mobility in the time of COVID-19", published by the Zolberg Institute on Migration and Mobility: https://zolberginstitute.org/covid-19/
- See, in Live Mint, "How coronavirus turned into humanitarian crisis for migrant workers": https://www.livemint.com/news/india/how-coronavirus-turned-into-humanitarian-crisis-for-migrant-workers-11590401718622.html
- See, in an article by Council of Europe, "Human Rights Protection in Times of Crisis: Migration Related Activities": https://www.coe.int/en/web/special-representative-secretary-general-migration-refugees/newsletter-march-2020/-/asset_publisher/cVKOAoroBOtI/content/human-rights-protection-in-times-of-crisis-migration-related-activities?inheritRedirect=false&redirect=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.coe.int%2Fen%2Fweb%2Fspecial-representative-secretary-general-migration-refugees%2Fnewsletter-march-2020%3Fp_p_id%3D101_INSTANCE_cVKOAoroBOtI%26p_p_lifecycle%3D0%26p_p_state%3Dnormal%26p_p_mode%3Dview%26p_p_col_id%3Dcolumn-4%26p_p_col_pos%3D1%26p_p_col_count%3D2
- See, in an article by United Nations Human Rights Dimension, "COVID-19 and its Human Rights Dimensions": https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/COVID-19.aspx
- See, in an article by Human Rights Watch, "Human Rights Dimension of COVID-19 response": https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/03/19/human-rights-dimensions-covid-19-response
- See, in The Wire, "India cannot forget its migrant workers stranded in the Gulf": https://thewire.in/labour/coronavirus-india-cannot-forget-its-migrant-workers-stranded-in-the-gulf
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 2
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 3
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 9
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 10
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 11
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 12
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 13
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 14
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 32
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 34
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 41
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 43
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 44
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 54

Hunger Pandemic:
- See, in News Click, The Working Poor in Bangladesh Face a "Hunger Pandemic":
https://www.rosalux.de/en/news/id/42864/the-working-poor-in-bangladesh-face-a-hunger-pandemic?cHash=ad4ffaedaf2a3471b5b1b15a4666afe5

Informal Sector:
- See, in News Click, "COVID-19 Crisis exposes India's neglect of Informal Workers": https://www.newsclick.in/Covid-19-Crisis-Exposes-India-Neglect-Informal-Workers
- See, in FirstPost, "COVID-19 Impact: Informal Economy Workers excluded from most govt. measures, be it cash transfers or tax benefits": https://www.firstpost.com/business/covid-19-impact-informal-economy-workers-excluded-from-most-govt-measures-be-it-cash-transfers-or-tax-benefits-8354051.html

- See, in Scroll.in, "Covid-19: How India can ensure that women in the informal sector get the protection they deserve": https://scroll.in/article/961181/covid-19-how-india-can-ensure-that-women-in-the-informal-sector-get-the-protection-they-deserve
- See, in The Economic Times, "COVID-19 crisis can push 40 crore informal sector workers in India deeper into poverty: ILO": https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/covid-19-crisis-can-push-40-crore-informal-sector-workers-in-india-deeper-into-poverty-ilo/articleshow/75032778.cms?from=mdr
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 44
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 50
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 55
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 58
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 59
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 60
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 61
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 63
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 66
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 68

Islamophobia:
- See, in Time, "It was already dangerous to be Muslim in India. Then came the Coronavirus" : https://time.com/5815264/coronavirus-india-islamophobia-coronajihad/
- See, published by the Observer Research Foundation, "Islamophobia and the COVID-19 Pandemic in the UK": https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/islamophobia-covid-19-pandemic-uk-67037/
- See, published by the Middle East Institute, "COVID-19 in India and Sri Lanka: New forms of Islamophobia": https://www.mei.edu/publications/covid-19-india-and-sri-lanka-new-forms-islamophobia
- See, published by the Human Rights Watch, "CoronaJihad is only the latest manifestation: Islamophobia in India has been years in the making" : https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/05/01/coronajihad-only-latest-manifestation-islamophobia-india-has-been-years-making

- See, in Hindustan Times, "Jamaat brought Collective Shame and Islamophobia":
https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/jamaat-brought-collective-shame-and-islamophobia-muslims-say/story-ermZoPYGGZ8HBMNeErSnvM.html
- See, in Aljazeera, "How the Coronavirus outbreak in India was blamed on the Muslims": https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/coronavirus-outbreak-india-blamed-muslims-200418143252362.html

Justinian Plague:
- See, in The Indian Express, "The first plague in history ended the Byzantine empire, was considered an act of God": https://indianexpress.com/article/research/coronavirus-covid-19-the-first-plague-in-history-ended-the-byzantine-empire-6393584/

- See, in The Hindu, "How Pandemics have changed the World": https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/analysis-how-pandemics-have-changed-the-world/article31345176.ece
- See, in a report by the WHO, "Global Surveillance of Epidemic Prone Infectious Diseases- Plague": https://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/plague/CSR_ISR_2000_1/en/index2.html
- See, in Financial Express, "COVID-19 Spotlight: A brief history of Pandemics": https://www.financialexpress.com/opinion/covid-19-spotlight-a-brief-history-of-pandemics/1964490/

Migration:
See also, Migrants, Migrant Labourers, and Migrant Workers:
- See, in Migration Data Portal, "Migration Data Relevant for the COVID-19 Pandemic": https://migrationdataportal.org/themes/migration-data-relevant-covid-19-pandemic
- See, in a report by Chatham House, "The Hidden Majority in India's Migration Crisis": https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/covid-19-hidden-majority-indias-migration-crisis
- See, in a survey by WHO, "Assessing the impact of COVID-19 on refugees and migrants": https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2020/07/17/default-calendar/assessing-the-impact-of-covid-19-on-refugees-and-migrants

- See, published in Science Direct, "COVID-19 sets off Mass Migration in India": https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0188440920309401
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 4
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 15
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 16
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 17
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 35
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 36
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 45
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 46
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 52
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 60
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 67
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 68
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 69
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 70

Neo-Malthusianism:
- See, in The National Interest, "The Neo-Malthusian World of the Coronavirus": https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/neo-malthusian-world-coronavirus-127947

- See, in The Jerusalem Post, "Malthusian Coronavirus: Nowhere to Run to!": https://www.jpost.com/opinion/malthusian-coronavirus-nowhere-to-run-to-621640
- See, in Scoop, "Coronavirus- A Malthusian Event?": https://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL2003/S00228/coronavirus-a-malthusian-event.htm
- See, in Medium, "Coronavirus, Malthusian Theory, and the age of Neoliberalism": https://medium.com/@imadm77/coronavirus-malthusian-theory-and-the-age-of-neoliberalism-e-de5b4152b530
- See, in Merion West, "The Coronavirus and the Modern Malthusians": https://merionwest.com/2020/03/10/the-coronavirus-and-modern-malthusians/

Peloponnesian War:
- See, in The Atlantic, "What the Great Plague of Athens can Teach Us Now": https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/03/great-plague-athens-has-eerie-parallels-today/608545/
- See, in The Hastings Centre Report published in The Wiley Online Library, "Pandemics, Protocols, and the Plague of Athens: Insights from Thucydides": https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/hast.1132
- See, in The Asset, "COVID-19 and the Thucydides Trap": https://www.theasset.com/viewpoint/40267/covid-19-and-the-thucydides-trap

Policy-making:
- See, in Brookings, "The Impact of COVID-19 and the Policy Response in India": https://www.brookings.edu/blog/future-development/2020/07/13/the-impact-of-covid-19-and-the-policy-response-in-india/
- See, in The Wire, "Five COVID-19 Policy Mistakes India could have done without": https://thewire.in/health/five-covid-19-policy-mistakes-india-could-have-done-without

- See, in KPMG, "India: Government and Institution Measures in response to COVID-19": https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/india-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html
- See, in First Post, "COVID-19 impact: Indian consumers exercise greater decision-making in buying, spending after pandemic outbreak": https://www.firstpost.com/health/covid-19-impact-indian-consumers-exercise-greater-decision-making-in-buying-spending-after-pandemic-outbreak-deloitte-8415691.html
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No 3
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No 7
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No 11
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No 58
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No 64

Push-Pull Factors:
- See, in GLOBSEC, "COVID-19 Infodemic: Push and Pull Factors": https://www.globsec.org/events/covid-19-infodemic-push-and-pull-factors/

Refugees:
See also Refugee Workers:
- See, in UNHCR, "Refugees and their Host Communities in India Hard Hit by Coronavirus Lockdown": https://www.unhcr.org/news/stories/2020/7/5efc60224/refugees-host-communities-india-hard-hit-coronavirus-lockdown.html

- See, in UNSW Law, "Challenges to Refugee Protection in time of COVID-19": https://www.kaldorcentre.unsw.edu.au/publication/challenges-refugee-protection-time-covid-19
- See, in Aljazeera, "Time is running out to protect refugees from a coronavirus crisis": https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/time-running-protect-refugees-coronavirus-crisis-200330063002696.html
- See, in The Quint, "COVID-19 Pandemic: How can Refugees and Asylum Seekers be Protected?": https://www.thequint.com/voices/opinion/coronavirus-global-pandemic-refugees-asylum-seekers-settlement-camps-conflict-war-healthcare
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 17
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 18
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 25
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 47
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 48

Reverse Migration:
- See, in VOA News, "Pandemic Triggers Reverse Migration from India Cities to Villages": https://www.voanews.com/covid-19-pandemic/pandemic-triggers-reverse-migration-india-cities-villages
- See, in Scroll.in, "The COVID-19 led reverse migration could be a hidden opportunity for India's Hindi Hinterland": https://scroll.in/article/964926/the-covid-19-led-reverse-migration-could-be-a-hidden-opportunity-for-indias-hindi-heartland

- See, in Business Line, "India's COVID Fight is hotting up amid Reverse Migration": https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/indias-covid-fight-is-heating-up-amid-reverse-migration/article31905010.ece
- See, in The Print, "Reverse Migration of Workers led to an increase in number of COVID Cases": https://theprint.in/health/reverse-migration-of-workers-led-to-an-increase-in-number-of-covid-cases-says-icmr-chief/459963/
On this topic, see, from the "Links to Essential News Items on COVID-19 and Migrant Workers on the CRG website http://www.mcrg.ac.in/:
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 24
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 27
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 36
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 59
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 67
- From the Section "COVID-19 and Migrant Workers" Link No. 69

Shock Mobility:
- See, in Compas, "Shock Mobility: Convulsions in Human Migration are having large Impacts": https://www.compas.ox.ac.uk/2020/shock-mobility-convulsions-in-human-migration-are-having-large-impacts-part-i/

- See, in McKinsey & Company, "The Impact of COVID-19 on future mobility solutions": https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/automotive-and-assembly/our-insights/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-future-mobility-solutions#

Social Darwinism:
- See, in The Citizen, "COVID-19: Genetics overtaken by Social Darwinism": https://www.thecitizen.in/index.php/en/NewsDetail/index/15/18648/Covid-19---Genetics-Overtaken-by-Social-Darwinism
- See, published by the Faculty of Law, Oxford University, "The Social Borders of COVID-19: From Social Darwinism to Social Recognition": https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/research-subject-groups/centre-criminology/centreborder-criminologies/blog/2020/04/social-borders

- See, in The Conversation, "What does 'Survival of the Fittest' mean in the Coronavirus Pandemic?": https://theconversation.com/what-does-survival-of-the-fittest-mean-in-the-coronavirus-pandemic-look-to-the-immune-system-137355