Calcutta Research Group, (25-30 November 2018)
Module C. Power and Responsibility in the Global Protection System in the Context of Mixed and Massive Population Flows; The Need to redefine the Responsibility to Protect
Coordinator: Professor Shibashis Chatterjee
This study is an effort to advance three interrelated arguments. First, global refugee flows have manifestly worsened in the last five years and the crisis appears deeper and expansive than ever. All the continents are infested with massive displacement and the international efforts at all levels remain paltry and inconsistent. I have argued that the modality is not more critical than summoning global actors to prioritize their duty to humanitarian assistance. For most major powers, humanitarian assistance remains a sad footnote to their international efforts. Realist geopolitics and neoliberal policies combine to make great powers increasingly hostile to shoulder refugee costs. Global civil society initiatives cannot compensate for the colossal neglect of responsibility by the developed and the developing world. Second, this article has brought together the many theoretical ways of locating the refugee. I have reflected selectively on the liberal, communitarian, postcolonial and radical tracts to make sense of why the refugee remains a marginal category despite years of efforts to reverse this marginalization. I largely agree with the positions taken by scholars who draw attention to the nameless naming of the category as a perennial becoming that strangely absolves the existing powers of their responsibility to name and transform this category. For what cannot be named, cannot be changed. Thirdly, and as a matter of continuity, this is also a study of the concept of the Responsibility to Protect [R2P] from its spectacular arrival to an equally striking but inglorious unravelling. Liberal peace projects have met with a similar fate before. In a world premised on the arrogance of sovereignty, responsibility is also a function of power. Bereft of any account of what political economy can sustain humanitarian operations across the world, the liberal imagination fails to authorize humanitarian missions to conflict-ridden societies and cannot make states recognize their commitment to uphold the rights of its people in all dimensions of life. Until the refugee, as a category, is humanized and we are able to find a process of normalizing the displaced, experiments like the R2P will fall short of their original promise. The very category of the refugee is a dehumanisation that disturbs us intermittently. Unless we find a way to transcend our reasonable differences over selective admission and closure, we will continue to elude international efforts to restore them to a life of dignity, capacity and rights befitting a genuine human existence.
Draft of Full Paper: CLICK HERE
|Sl.No.||Name & Details of the Participants||Country||Photo||Research Articles||Comments by Coordinator|
Aditi Mukhjerjee, Calcutta
Research Group ||
International Institute Of Social Studies, Hague
Vidyasagar University, Midnapore
|India||Accepting the Responsibility to Protect as an International Norm: The Structure and Implementation|
2. “Implementation of the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees - Some Basic QuestionsImplementation of the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees - Some Basic Questions,. EC/1992/SC.2/CRP.10.,” UNHCR, 1992.
15. Cotler, Irwin and Jared Genser (eds.), The Responsibility to Protect (New York: Oxford, 2012)
16. Dasgupta, Geetisha and Ishita Dey, “State of Research on Forced Migration in the East and North-East,” EPW, XLV,21, 22-28/5/2010, pp. 37-41.
19. Loescher, Gill and John A. Scanlan, Calculated Kindness: Refugees and America's Half-Open Door, 1945-Present (New York: Free Press, 1998)
24. Rodriguez, Encarnacion Gutierrez, "The Coloniality of Migration and the 'Refugee Crisis': On the Asylum-Migration Nexus, the TransAtlantic White European Settler Colonailism, Migration and Racial Capitalism", Refuge, 34 (1), 2018, pp. 16-28
26. Samaddar, Ranabir, A Post-Colonial Enquiry into Europe's Debt and Migration Crisis (Singapore: Springer Verlag, 2016), chapter 4
International Migration Review